Aly Ahmed, B., Rashed, A. Abdel-Rahim, A.
Green Streets, Highways, and Development 2013. Reston: ASCE, 2013. pp. 433-441.
Egypt is a country of contrast. Although it is the world's 30th largest country, with an area of approximately one million square kilometers, 97% of its population is concentrated along the Nile valley and delta, leaving approximately 96% of the country's area unpopulated. This has led to a concentration of business opportunities and services in and around major cities. Ultimately, migration has increased to these areas, limiting opportunities to develop other areas. The population is no longer able to grow and prosper within the old valley and needs to expand to more population centers in a way that is sustainable. This need has motivated efforts toward developing new cities that have the potential to house and accommodate sustainable communities. This paper is a brief description of a planning effort to identify areas suitable for sustainable alternatives in different parts of Egypt. It also presents the basis for a national transportation network to support these sustainable developments. As part of this planning effort, college students, researchers, and young professionals from a variety of disciplines are asked to submit their ideas for sustainable developments as part of a design competition. The competition, entitled "Sustainable Exit from the Valley," attracted more than 120 competitors and 42 different submissions. A panel of experts was used to evaluate and rank these proposed developments according to their sustainable economic potential and to develop a national transportation network that supports the proposed alternatives.