Eid, D., Kelly, R., Martinez, I., Tripp, E., Stam, B., and Smith, M.
Green Streets, Highways, and Development 2013. Reston: ASCE, 2013. pp. 186-201.
The Plainfield Avenue Bioretention Islands project in Grand Rapids, Michigan is an example of how public agencies and the private sector can effectively work together to accomplish green initiatives. This project utilized federal, local, and private funds to finance street improvements that included innovative storm water management techniques. Michigan's Complete Streets legislation, the Michigan Department of Transportation's Context Sensitive Solutions process, and the City of Grand Rapids' Complete Streets Resolution are public policies driving awareness of sustainable infrastructure practices, but they do not provide best practices or funding mechanisms. However, the collaborative efforts among stakeholders involved in the Plainfield Avenue project creatively generated sufficient funding to implement this multifaceted pilot project.